Sykes Picot Agreements

The Franco-English statement was read in the minutes, Pichon commented that it showed the disinterested position of the two governments towards the Arabs and Lloyd George, that it was « more important than all the old agreements ». [91] Pichon also referred to a February 15 contract proposal, based on the private agreement reached last December between Clemenceau and Lloyd George. [91] (According to Lieshout, just before Faisal made his presentation at the conference on the 6th, Clemenceau gave Lloyd George a proposal that seems to deal with the same subject; Lieshout dated related British materials to the 6th, while the date is not established in the minutes. [92]) If viewed in the broader context of other agreements, declarations and promises to actors in the region over the years, we see how the agreement is causing so many of today`s problems. The agreement was based on the premise that the Triple Entente would succeed during World War I in defeating the Ottoman Empire, and was part of a series of secret agreements that preferred its division. The main negotiations that led to the agreement took place between 23 November 1915 and 3 January 1916, during which British and French diplomats Mark Sykes and François Georges-Picot initialled an agreed memorandum. [3] The agreement was ratified by their respective governments on 9 and 16 May 1916. [4] For nearly four centuries, from the beginning of the sixteenth century to the end of the First World War, most Arab countries were represented by vilayets (provinces) of the Ottoman Empire, while the western part of the Arab East was already under the domination of the colonial powers of England and France at that time. In 1916, London and Paris secretly agreed on a future division of the Asian part of the Ottoman state, which suffered defeat during the war. Under these agreements, after the defeat of the Ottoman Empire, the Arab vilayets should be under the mandate of these powers. Their representatives, the British Sir Mark Sykes and Francois Georges-Picot of France, made history as authors of the first version in a hurry to share the Asian part of Ottoman Turkey in a colonial way. This year was the centenary of the agreement, which sparked debates in many countries related to the events of the First World War and the crisis that has hit the Middle East region today.

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